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Writers Workshop: Writer Resources&American Emotional Association (APA): In-Text Citation

Writers Workshop: Writer Resources&American Emotional Association (APA): In-Text Citation

Fundamental Structure

The fundamental structure for APA in-text citation can be as follows:

(Author’s final name, of publication year)

  • e.g., One study that is recent a hereditary url to alcoholism (Jones, 1997).

In the event that writers final title seems within the citation, then just the 12 months is needed:

  • e.g., Jones (1997) discovers a link that is genetic alcoholism.

Several Writers

When an ongoing work has just two writers, utilize both of the names each and every time their tasks are cited, accompanied by the ampersand (&) if in parentheses, or by the term «and» if in text:

  • In parentheses: (Cortez & Jones, 1997)
  • In text: Cortez and Jones (1997)

For three, four, or five writers, refer to all writers into the very first citation, then make use of the very first writers last name accompanied by the abbreviation «et al.» ( maybe perhaps not italicized in accordance with a period after «al») in every subsequent citations:

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